Containment: Distance education, between successes and blockages

Since March 16, face-to-face lessons have been suspended in all nurseries; educational and vocational training establishments and universities, private and public, and replaced by distance education. If some pupils and students believed in vacations before the hour, u this is far from the case. Several initiatives have been put in place by the Ministry of National Education; Vocational Training; Higher Education and Scientific Research, to carry out this operation, to guarantee pedagogical continuity.

So how does distance education work?

In addition to the “IQUniv” platform, which offers the learner a set of online courses created by teachers. By the programs in force; the ministry has set up virtual classes on the “teams” platform. It allows teachers to communicate directly with their pupils or students. “This initiative did not work much, for the simple. The reason is that not all students have the technological means to connect to this platform”, explains a school teacher.

Nothing replaces physical presence in class!

One thing is certain is that during this confinement; the schoolchildren do not twiddle their thumbs; thanks to the distance education devices set up by the government; but also by the various private schools and missions.

Whether learners, teachers or parents, all are trying to adapt to this exceptional situation.

A professor who teaches in the private and the public, explains that the students of the private sector have no problem with distance education and that the problem arises at the level of the public.

“Not everyone has a smartphone, WiFi, a PC, etc. One of my students at the public high school where I teach asked me if I could log in in the evening to do the class rather than during the day because that is when her father comes back to school. home and that she can retrieve her phone to connect. Another told me that her father couldn’t afford to charge her phone every time to be able to connect! And examples like that, we have several of my colleagues and I, affirms the teacher.

Audio lessons with explanations, to maintain contact with the students

The latter claims to have created a group on Whats App where he sends audio lessons with explanations, to maintain contact with the students and answer their questions. “This is the tool used by the majority of teachers because the platform offered by the ministry is not practical and does not always work. It is often difficult to access it, ”explains the teacher. Asked about the course of distance learning in the private school where he teaches, he says he uses the “Zoom” platform: “Through this tool, I give my course as if I were in class. All the students are present, they activate their cameras and we start the lesson without any problem ”. In addition to providing lessons through “Zoom”, some private establishments use other platforms such as Google Classroom, or even Google Drive, which allows both the student and the administration to access course videos.

Several parents are shock at the low level of some of their children’s teachers. Between language mistakes, bad pronunciation, aggressiveness, lack of mastery of the subject taught … there are many examples and the Minister of National Education, Vocational Training, Higher Education and Scientific Research has taken note of them. So, will there be a stir in private education at the next school year? This is all the harm we wish for parents! The specific objective that we propose to deal with in this article is to analyze the activity of learners in the revised system. Specifically, it is a question of understanding, by describing them, the remote practices in a hybrid training which presents characteristics likely to favor autonomy by trying to identify the explanatory factors of these practices. To this end, two research questions serve as a guide.