A research methodology is the specific procedures or techniques used to identify, select, process, and analyze information about a topic. In a research paper, the methodology section allows the reader to critically evaluate a study’s overall validity and reliability.

Research Methodology a part of your research paper that describes the method of your research intimately. you ought to always attempt to make the section of the research methodology enjoyable.

As you’re describing the procedure that has already completed, you would like to write down it within the past.

Your research methodology should explain:

What was the aim of your research?

What sort of research method is used?

What was the info collecting methods?

How did you analyze the data?

What quite resources have been utilized in your research?

Why did you select these methods?

How to Write a search Methodology?

Start writing your research methodology with the research problem giving a transparent picture of the aim of your study. It’ll help your readers to specialize in the objectives of the research and understand the remaining procedure of your research.

You should explain:

What sort of research have you ever conducted?

The types of research are often categorized from subsequent perspectives;

  1. Application of the study
  2. Aim of the research
  3. Mode of inquiry
  4. Research approach

While talking about the research methods, you ought to highlight the key points, such as:

The objective of selecting a selected research method.
Is the purpose of the study fulfilled?
The criteria of validity and reliability
Did you meet the moral considerations?
What quite the data gathering methods you’ve utilized in your research?

There are three sorts of data collecting methods such as:

Qualitative Method

Qualitative research is predicated on quality, and it’s in-depth at non-numerical data. It enables us to know the great details of the matter. The researcher prepares open-ended inquiries to gather the maximum amount of information as possible.

Quantitative Method

The quantitative research is related to the aspects of measurement, quantity, and extent. It follows the statistical, mathematical, and computational techniques within the sort of numerical data like percentages and statistics. The research is conducted on an outsized group of population.

Mixed Methods

When you combine quantitative and qualitative methods of research, the resulting approach becomes mixed methods of research.

Example: In quantitative correlation research, you aim to spot the cause-and-effect relationship between two or more variables. you furthermore may get to specialize in explaining the difference between correlation and causation.

Example: during a qualitative research case study, the main target of your research is to seek out answers to how and why questions. you would like to gather data collection from multiple sources over time. you would like to analyze real-world problems in-depth, then you’ll use the tactic of the case study.

Describe the Research Methods

After explaining the research method you’ve got used, you ought to describe the methods of knowledge collection you used. Mention the procedure and materials you utilized in your research.

Qualitative Methods

Interview/Focus conference

Describe the small print and criteria of the interviews and. you ought to include the subsequent points:

The type of questionnaire you’ve got utilized in your interview.
The procedure for choosing participants.
The size of your sample (number of participation)
The duration and site of interviews.


Describe the procedure of your observation and include the subsequent points:

Who were the participants of your observation?
How did you get access there to a specific group?
How did you record the data? (written form, audio or video recording)

Archival Data

Here you’ve got to explain the prevailing data you’ve used. you ought to explain:

What sort of resources have you ever used? (texts, images, audio, videos)
How did you get access to them?
To seek in-depth information about the strain level among men and ladies, semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten men and ten women of company X. The participants aged between 20-40. The interviews were held within the canteen to make a stress-free environment that lasted quarter-hour each. The responses were written and filmed.

Quantitative Methods


Describe the whole procedure of your survey. Include the subsequent points:

What sort of survey have you ever conducted? (Questionnaire/interview/ rating scale/ Online Survey)
Who were the participants of your survey? How did you decide on them?
What was the sample size?
What sort of questions you’ve utilized in your survey? (open-ended/closed-ended)
How many questions have you ever used?
What was the response rate of the participants?


Explain the detailed procedure you’ve got followed in your experiment. attempt to provide the maximum amount of information you’ll provide. Include the subsequent points:

The type of your experimental design.
Sampling method you’ve wont to select subjects.
Tools and techniques utilized in the experiment.
The way you identified a cause-and-effect relationship between the variables.

Archival Data

Describe the prevailing data you’ve utilized in your research. Include the subsequent points:

What sort of resources have you ever used? (journals, newspapers, books, online content)
How did you get access to them?
Who is that the author of the source?
Who published it? When?
The survey included ten multiple-choice questions and ten open-ended questions. the target of the survey is to seek out the strain level of working-women who has got to affect household responsibilities. From 17-20 Jan 2018, between 11:00 to 13:00, the survey questionnaire was distributed among the ladies at the working counters. The participants got 10 minutes to fill the questionnaire. Out of 500 participants, 450 responded, and 350 were included within the analysis.

Describe Methods of knowledge Analysis

In this section, you ought to provide a short description of the methods you’ve wont to analyze the info you’ve collected.

Qualitative Methods

The qualitative method includes the analysis of language, images, audios, videos, or any textual data (textual analysis). the subsequent sorts of methods are utilized in textual analysis.

Discourse analysis: Discourse analysis is an important aspect of studying a language and its uses in day-to-day life.

Content analysis: it’s a way of studying and retrieving meaningful information from documents

Thematic analysis: It’s a way of identifying patterns of themes within the collected information, like face-to-face interviews, texts, and transcripts.

Example: After collecting the info, it had been checked thoroughly to seek out out the missing information. The interviews were transcribed, and textual analysis was conducted. The repetitions of the text, sorts of colors displayed, the tone of the speakers were measured.

Quantitative Methods

Quantitative data analysis is employed for analyzing numerical data. Include the subsequent points:

The methods of preparing data before analyzing it.
Which statistical test you’ve got used? (one-ended test, two-ended test)
The type of software you’ve used.
After collecting the info, it had been checked thoroughly to seek out out the missing information. The writing was wont to interpret the info.

Provide Background and Justification
There are many research methods available from standard to an averaged approach that supported the wants and skills. within the section of the research methodology, it’s essential to say the explanations behind selected a selected research method.

You should also explain why you probably did not choose the other standard approach to your topic when it fits the wants of your topic. mention the objectives of your research and highlight the points that would affect your research procedure if you’d select another research method.

You can discuss the restrictions of other research methods compared to the wants of your research and therefore the method you’ve used.

Ethnographic research requires tons of your time, and one has got to struggle tons to realize access to the community. A researcher has got to spend time with the target group in their natural environment. Sometimes, it’s difficult for a researcher to introduce himself as a researcher/participant with the community.

The online survey doesn’t provide reliable responses. the sole advantage of conducting a web survey would be its quick response rate and cost-effectiveness.

Points to recollect while Writing Methodology
While writing your methodology, you would like to stay in mind that you simply don’t get to make it complicated with unnecessary details.

The aim of your writing a search methodology isn’t merely discussing the methods and techniques you’ve used.

You have to supply an in-depth account of the procedure you’ve followed, the obstacles you faced, and therefore the way you overcome them.

Your research question and objectives of the research are the bottoms of your research. you ought to discuss the objectives and explain how this specific method helped you discover the solution to your research question. you’ll use goals and outcomes as evidence to support your discussion.

If you’ve used any standard method in your research, then you don’t get to provide many details about it because it would be common in your field. However, if you’ve used any specific approach which is never utilized in your field, then you ought to explain it intimately. Your explanation and knowledge can help other researchers in their research.

Your methodology should be well-structured and straightforward to know with all the required information, evidence to support your argument.

After gathering the info, it’s essential to credit the sources you’ve got utilized in your research. Mention the resources you’ve used, the way you bought access to those resources. Use any suitable referencing style to cite sources like APA, MLA, and Chicago, etc.

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